Testing

How Does Glucose Testing Helps with Diabetes Monitoring?

In a country where 50 percent of its adult population is diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes, you’d be a fool to undermine the importance of glucose testing. But how is it related to diabetes? Well, glucose testing helps manage diabetes by helping track the symptoms of the disease. It has other applications as well – the readings allow you to identify hyperglycemia and prevent chronic complications. So, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that glucose testing is linked to healthy living. Such screenings are available across the US. In cities where medical tourism is big, you may get a quick glucose testing in almost every clinic.

Why Glucose Testing Matters

Healthy adults rely on insulin and the energy in sugar to manage glucose levels. However, dysfunction of insulin may cause the glucose levels in the body to fluctuate. This could pose a significant problem since very high or very low sugar levels are the main causes of the most complications associated with diabetes. Symptoms include increased urination at night, increased thirst, blurry vision, and reduced healing rates. Glucose testing helps you keep a tab on your blood sugar level and take action accordingly.

How Glucose Testing Happens

Glucose testing is normally done in clinics by pricking your finger and drawing a small drop of blood. The doctor/nurse will then wipe the blood on a test strip to conduct a glucose reading. It is a simple, routine test; the testing process itself takes only a few minutes to complete.

Alternative Glucose Testing Methods

Glucose testing may be random or scheduled. Though random tests are helpful, don’t treat them as a substitute for your regular glucose testing schedule. As per the recommendation of your doctor, you should also opt for post-meal tests and fasting tests. Testing glucose at different times will yield different results.

Ideal Time for Glucose Tests

Paying close attention to diabetes symptoms is a must in this day and age. You should never delay testing, especially if you think you’re experiencing low blood sugar symptoms, such as nausea, fatigue, slurred speech, dry lips, blackouts, erratic heartbeat, etc. Random glucose testing is a foolproof method to avoid hyperglycemia and other chronic ailments.

When you test blood glucose levels at different times of the day, you improve your chances of diabetes management and fewer complications. The best method to understand your blood sugar level is to test it frequently.

It’s no laughing matter when 30 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes in a year. The worst part is, the numbers are rising annually. This is serious as there’s no known cure for diabetes; all you can do is manage it carefully to keep it in check.  Regular exercise can bring down glucose levels in your body. A person who exercises regularly is more likely to keep diabetes at bay. Even a moderate amount of exercise daily can help. This is because exercise improves the body’s ability to utilize insulin. You also get rid of any extra glucose in the bloodstream during exercise. Intensive insulin therapy, too, can help adjust your insulin routine. However, you should not skip daily exercise just because you are taking insulin. Thus, a healthy lifestyle comprising of adequate physical activities and low-calorie diet along with regular glucose testing can go a long way to help you enjoy a diabetes-free life. So, if you have a high risk for diabetes, it’s time to get an appointment at your nearest clinic. They might even suggest changes in your management program to prevent further complications.

Busting the Common HIV Myths

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) have killed almost 39 million people since 1981. Over 35 million people are currently living with the infection worldwide. Half of them are not even aware that they are carrying the virus in their blood. Despite being a major health concern, the disease continues to be plagued by misinformation. It is high time that you focus on the facts instead of simply buying into longstanding myths regarding the transmission of the disease. You can visit any clinic to know more about HIV and stop the spread of misinformation.

How HIV Gets Transmitted through Bodily Fluids

An infected individual passes HIV to another only under certain conditions; simply coming into contact with them will not automatically infect you, despite what you’ve been told. HIV is transmitted through certain body fluids such as semen, blood, breast milk, rectal and vaginal secretions.  These fluids contain a high percentage of HIV antibodies. HIV gets transmitted when fluids from an infected individual pass through cuts, mucous membranes, or open sores of a non-infected person. HIV virus may also be passed via spinal cord or amniotic fluids, and hence pose a threat to healthcare professionals, who are exposed to such fluids. However, bodily fluids like saliva and tears are unable to spread the infection if they aren’t mixed with the infected fluids.

Transmission Procedure

HIV spreads through vaginal sex. Some cases have also been reported owing to oral sex. However, the highest risk comes from anal sex. Anal sex presents a greater chance of bleeding due to the soft tissues lining the anus. This provides the virus with a better shot of entering the body. It is also possible for HIV to spread from mother to child in utero and also via breastfeeding. The risk factor increases significantly when you’re exposed to an HIV positive person’s blood. However, there are plenty of safety regulations that prevent any infections related to transfusion.

Kissing and Casual Contact

A lot of people are afraid that kissing or casual contact with an HIV-infected person might spread the infection. HIV virus cannot live for long outside the body, and so casual contact like hugging or holding hands with an HIV-positive person is not enough to pass the virus. There is no problem in closed-mouthed kissing as well. There is some risk involved with open-mouthed kissing when blood is involved, from mouth sores or bleeding gums. Saliva sometimes has small quantities of the virus, but this is not sufficient for transmission.

Spitting, Scratching, and Biting

Spitting and scratching are not effective methods of HIV transmission. Scratches are not enough to result in an exchange of bodily fluids. However, gloves are an excellent way to avoid accidental exposure to diseased blood when drawing blood from HIV-infected people. The bite that fails to tear off the skin cannot pass the infection. . However, any kind of bite that opens up your skin and causes bleeding is risky.

Education to Dispel Stigmas and Myths

HIV-positive people had no solution to their problem when HIV first emerged as there was a significant stigma attached to the disease. Thanks to extensive research and studies, many treatment options are available nowadays that allow infected people to live productive and long lives.

The stigma has decreased considerably now as there is a greater understanding among people regarding the way HIV spreads. However, you can consult the doctor to replenish your knowledge. The best way to banish myths and actually prevent the spread of HIV is continued education.